Outcome and Distal Access Patency in Subintimal Arterial Flossing with Antegrade-Retrograde Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusions in Lower Extremity Critical Limb Ischemia

Kun Da ZhuangAnkur PatelBien Soo TanFarah Gillan IraniApoorva GognaShaun Xavier ChanSarat Kumar SanamandraTze Tec ChongSiew Ping ChngKiang Hiong Tay

Purpose: To report the outcome and distal access patency of the Subintimal Arterial Flossing with Antegrade-Retrograde Intervention (SAFARI) technique for chronic total occlusion (CTO) in critical limb ischemia (CLI).

Materials and methods: From January 2009 to June 2015, 220 SAFARI procedures were performed for 200 limbs in 191 patients (108 males [56.5%]; median age, 70 years old; range, 36 to 97 years old) with CLI (9.4% were Fontaine classification 3; and 90.6% were Fontaine classification 4). Distal access was obtained from the distal superficial femoral artery (n = 6), popliteal artery (n = 49), anterior tibial artery (n = 56), dorsalis pedis (n = 51), peroneal artery (n = 12), posterior tibial artery (n = 45), and lateral plantar artery (n = 1). Distal access hemostasis was obtained with internal balloon tamponade in 71.4% (n = 157). Outcome measurements were technical success, freedom from major amputation and complications. Preprocedural angiograms of clinically driven repeat interventions were reviewed in 73 cases for distal access patency.

Results: Technical success was achieved in 80.5% (n = 177). Reasons for technical failure include inability to obtain distal access (n = 3), cross the occlusion retrogradely (n = 16), re-enter the true lumen (n = 9), and achieve antegrade blood flow after the procedure (n = 15). Freedom from major amputation for technically successful procedures was 84.7%, 82.9%, and 81.9% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. There were 3 cases of distal access bleeding with 1case that required coil embolization. The distal access remained patent in 80.8% of observable cases with repeated endovascular intervention.

Conclusions: Distal retrograde arterial access (SAFARI) technique is safe and effective in the treatment of CTOs in the context of CLI, after failure of antegrade revascularization.

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