Purpose: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be classified into groups based upon the severity of the disease using the Rutherford classification system. This analysis compares the procedural outcomes of PAD patients treated with orbital atherectomy stratified by Rutherford class (1-3 = intermittent claudication; 4-6 = critical limb ischemia [CLI]), and acute angiographic outcomes of these patients stratified by degree of lesion calcification.
Methods: The CONFIRM registry series was analyzed and included 1697 patients with intermittent claudication (Rutherford class 1-3) and 1320 patients with CLI (Rutherford class 4-6) treated with orbital atherectomy. The composite rate of dissection, perforation, slow-flow, vessel closure, spasm, embolism, and thrombus formation was compared between claudicants and CLI patients with varying degrees of lesion calcification.
Results: Patients with CLI were older and had a higher prevalence of diabetes, coronary artery disease, and renal disease (P<.001). Claudicants with moderately/severely calcified lesions had a lower rate of dissection (both non-flow limiting and flow-limiting) than claudicants with mildly/minimally calcified lesions. CLI patients with mildly/minimally calcified lesions had higher rates of embolism and thrombus than CLI patients with moderately/severely calcified lesions.
Conclusions: Plaque modification with orbital atherectomy resulted in similar low procedural complication rates in the CLI group compared with the claudicant group. These results suggest that orbital atherectomy is safe and effective for treating calcified lesions in high-risk patients with varying severity of PAD symptoms.
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